Researchers discover the world's oldest wine in Rome

By Jurassic JennJun 25, 2024 08:30 AMScience
Share:
Researchers discover the world's oldest wine in Rome
Researchers discover the world's oldest wine in Rome. Source: 24tv.ua

Researchers have recently made a groundbreaking discovery in Rome, unearthing the world's oldest wine. This extraordinary find consists of a white wine, over 2,000 years old, believed to have originated in Andalusia. The wine was found within the funerary tomb of Hispana, Senicio, and four other individuals in Carmona, excavated in 2019. The preserved liquid, which now possesses a reddish hue, has been analyzed and confirmed by a team of experts from the Department of Organic Chemistry at the University of Cordoba.

The archaeological significance of the wine's preservation is remarkable. The tomb, untouched and well-sealed for two millennia, provided exceptional conditions for the wine to maintain its natural state. No floods, leaks, or condensation processes disrupted its conservation, allowing it to retain its unique properties. This finding surpasses the renowned Speyer wine bottle, discovered in 1867 and dated to the fourth century AD, which is currently exhibited at the Historical Museum of Pfalz in Germany.

The research team faced the challenge of confirming that the reddish liquid indeed constituted wine. Extensive chemical analyses were conducted at the University of Cordoba's Central Research Support Service (SCAI) and documented in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. These tests examined pH levels, organic matter, mineral salts, and specific chemical compounds associated with the glass of the urn or the bones of the deceased. Through comparisons with contemporary Montilla-Moriles, Jerez, and Sanlúcar wines, conclusive evidence substantiated the presence of wine in the tomb.

Identifying polyphenols, specific compounds found in all wines, proved vital in the wine's classification. Using a specialized technique capable of identifying minute quantities, the research team detected the presence of seven distinctive polyphenols also found in modern Montilla-Moriles, Jerez, and Sanlúcar wines. Moreover, the absence of a particular polyphenol, syringic acid, indicated that the wine was white. Although degradation over time might explain the missing acid, this finding is consistent with bibliographic, archaeological, and iconographic sources related to white wine production in the former province of Betis, notably Montilla-Moriles.

The tomb's fascinating contents shed light on Roman society's gender divisions during funerary rituals. The fact that only the man's skeletal remains were immersed in the wine is no coincidence, as women in ancient Rome were commonly prohibited from drinking it. The two glass urns within the Carmona tomb symbolize the gender disparities of the time. Alongside the man's remains, the wine enveloped a gold ring and other bone fragments from his funeral pyre. On the other hand, the urn containing the woman's remains did not contain any wine; instead, it safeguarded three amber jewels, a perfume bottle infused with a patchouli scent, and preserved fabric suspected to be silk, based on preliminary analyses.

These various elements formed a funerary trousseau intended to accompany the deceased on their journey into the afterlife. Death held profound meaning in ancient Rome, prompting individuals to seek remembrance and a sense of continuity. The circular mausoleum housing the tomb, situated along a significant road connecting Carmo with Hispalis (present-day Seville), once marked by a now-vanished tower, likely belonged to a wealthy family.

The enduring memory of Hispana, Senicio, and their companions has unexpectedly resurfaced after two millennia of obscurity. Through their discovery, valuable insights into the funerary practices of ancient Rome have been obtained, and the liquid in the glass urn can now undoubtedly lay claim to being the oldest wine in the world. This remarkable find uncovers a tangible connection to the past and unveils new aspects of ancient Roman culture for today's world to admire.

Top Articles
To see a white owl - meaning

The spiritual significance of seeing a white owl in dreams and in reality: symbolism of the totem

Jul 17, 2024 18:20 PM
What does the name Austin mean

The meaning of the name Austin in spiritual terms: what the letters symbolize

Jul 17, 2024 14:13 PM

The meaning behind the Angel number 3: spiritual insights

Jul 17, 2024 11:32 AM

Symbolism of seeing snakes & spiritual meaning of meeting

Jul 12, 2024 16:59 PM
More News
 Woman's Dog Destroys Passport

Woman's Dog Destroys Passport Before International Flight, Prompts Emergency Measures

Jul 20, 2024 13:45 PM
Three zodiac signs will be encouraged by new activities: horoscope for July 20

Three zodiac signs will be encouraged by new activities: horoscope for July 20

Jul 20, 2024 13:26 PM

A substantial guide to getting rid of dirt and food residue on barbecues

Jul 20, 2024 13:05 PM

A surge of confidence and charisma in proffesional life: horoscope for July 20-22

Jul 20, 2024 12:41 PM
 Three zodiac signs are aligned for unexpected financial gains soon

Three zodiac signs are aligned for unexpected financial gains soon

Jul 20, 2024 12:21 PM
Michael Jordan had a surprising superstition he adhered to before every game

Michael Jordan had a surprising superstition he adhered to before every game

Jul 20, 2024 11:39 AM
 Álvaro Morata

AC Milan Bolster Attack with Alvaro Morata Signing from Atletico Madrid

Jul 20, 2024 11:17 AM
Three zodiac signs to welcome ubiquitous joy: horoscope for July 20

Three zodiac signs to welcome ubiquitous joy: horoscope for July 20

Jul 20, 2024 10:58 AM
The most anticipated TV shows of summer 2024

The most anticipated TV shows of summer 2024

Jul 20, 2024 10:35 AM

10 Fascinating Insights About Elvis Presley

Jul 20, 2024 10:13 AM

Intense solar flares predicted to hit Earth this weekend

Jul 20, 2024 09:52 AM
Laughter at Woman's Reaction When Wife Asks to Split Bill

Laughter Erupts as Wife Stuns Husband with Suggestion to Split Bill: A Hilarious Moment Captured

Jul 20, 2024 09:32 AM
Curried sausages: a budget-friendly delicacy for the whole family

Curried sausages: a budget-friendly delicacy for the whole family

Jul 20, 2024 09:09 AM
This simple hack will help you clean greasy food containers without much effort

This simple hack will help you clean greasy food containers without much effort

Jul 20, 2024 08:48 AM
Three zodiac signs most likely to land their dream job in the upcoming months

Three zodiac signs most likely to land their dream job in the upcoming months

Jul 20, 2024 08:26 AM

Google's shortened links to cease functioning by August 2025

Jul 20, 2024 08:05 AM

Banks, airlines, and other major businesses worldwide flooded with Window's 'Blue Screen of Death' after biggest IT outage ever

Jul 20, 2024 07:44 AM
Three zodiac signs will be pleased with positive interpersonal connections: horoscope for July 20

Three zodiac signs will be pleased with positive interpersonal connections: horoscope for July 20

Jul 20, 2024 07:23 AM
Seeking out new educational opportunities: horoscope for July 20-21

Seeking out new educational opportunities: horoscope for July 20-21

Jul 20, 2024 07:04 AM
 Three zodiac signs most likely to encounter tranquility during turbulent times

Three zodiac signs most likely to encounter tranquility during turbulent times

Jul 19, 2024 21:59 PM
Three zodiac signs will get a chance to make steady progress in their work

Three zodiac signs will get a chance to make steady progress in their work

Jul 19, 2024 21:35 PM
"I got ultimate revenge on my lazy colleague – and my boss backed me"

"I got ultimate revenge on my lazy colleague – and my boss backed me"

Jul 19, 2024 21:17 PM

Humans reached Argentina by 20,000 years ago — and they may have survived by eating giant armadillos, study suggests

Jul 19, 2024 20:56 PM

10 Astonishing Facts About Monica Bellucci

Jul 19, 2024 20:34 PM
Cavan Sullivan

Philadelphia Union Midfielder, Cavan Sullivan, Breaks MLS Record as Youngest MLS Player

Jul 19, 2024 20:12 PM
Curry chicken salad with grapes

Curry chicken salad with grapes: a delightful ensemble

Jul 19, 2024 19:52 PM