Seed preparation for sowing: what is needed for healthy seedlings

By Andrii MaistrenkoApr 23, 2024 07:32 AMGarden
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Seed preparation for sowing
Seed preparation for sowing. Source: housing.com

In order to promote the growth of healthy and productive seedlings, it is advisable to soak the seeds before sowing. Regardless of whether you collected them by hand from the previous harvest or bought them in a store, proper seed treatment can increase their germination. SSPDaily discussed different methods of soaking seeds using common household ingredients.

Hydrogen peroxide

One cost-effective solution for soaking seeds is hydrogen peroxide, which is typically found in most home first aid kits. This versatile tool not only accelerates plant growth but also provides protection against diseases. To prepare a soaking solution, mix 100 ml of hydrogen peroxide with 1 liter of water.

Soak the seeds in this mixture for about 30 minutes, then dry them on a paper towel and proceed with sowing. For some crops, such as carrots, sorrel, parsley, and beets, it is recommended to soak the seeds in a solution consisting of 1 liter of water and 40 ml of hydrogen peroxide for 18 hours.

Aloe juice

Another effective method of soaking seeds, especially for peppers and other crops, is to use aloe juice. Take a 3-year-old or older aloe leaf, wrap it in cheesecloth, and refrigerate it for a week. Then extract the juice by squeezing the leaf through cheesecloth into a deep container. Soak the seeds in the aloe juice for a day. Aloe not only helps disinfect the seeds but also accelerates their growth.

Wood ash

Rich in vitamins and nitrogen, wood ash provides the seeds with the necessary elements and promotes optimal seedling growth. To prepare a soaking solution, mix 2 tablespoons of ash with 1 liter of water. Let the mixture steep for 2-3 days, then strain it through cheesecloth. Soak the seeds in this solution overnight to benefit from its nutritional properties.

Potassium permanganate

Although potassium permanganate is no longer readily available at pharmacies, many people still have a supply of this powerful natural antiseptic at home. Dissolve 3 grams of potassium permanganate in a glass of water. Pepper, eggplant, and cabbage seeds can be soaked for 20 minutes, while tomato, corn, beans, peas, and radish seeds can be soaked for 45 minutes. Remember that potassium permanganate has strong antiseptic properties, so handle it with care.

Honey

Using natural honey provides additional benefits to your seeds. Dissolve a teaspoon of honey in a glass of warm water and soak the seeds in this mixture for a day. Before sowing, rinse the seeds thoroughly and dry them on a paper towel.

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