Temperature is off the charts: scientists discover a very hot planet

By Jurassic JennMay 10, 2024 13:37 PMScience
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Scientists discover a very hot planet
Scientists discover a very hot planet. Source: bgr.com

Scientists have discovered a planet that, under the influence of the gravity of a star and neighboring planets, has become so hot that it began to glow.

This was reported by SSPDaily.

First, scientists found a larger planet the mass of which is comparable to Uranus, and then a second planet that is only 30% larger than Earth. And there was one more: a very small planet TOI-6713.01, which makes a revolution around the star in 2.2 Earth days.

Unusual details surfaced when scientists modeled the orbital dynamics of the entire system. It turned out that the two larger planets orbit in very eccentric ways, following oval trajectories. They come close to the star and then fly away to the outer limits of the star system. The gravity of these two worlds pulls the smallest planet into an eccentric orbit, which is also struggling with the star's gravity.

"The temperature of this planet is higher than that of some stars, much higher than what is needed to produce oceans from molten rocks," astronomer Kane says.

Scientists estimate that the surface temperature of TOI-6713.01 can reach about 2300°C.

This temperature is about 2 times higher than the melting threshold for cast iron. Astronomers also suggest that due to such temperatures, the planet glows by itself. In addition, volcanism can occur on the planet on such a scale that even the most volcanic object in the solar system, Jupiter's moon Io, cannot be compared to it.

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