World's oldest beer recipe: archaeologists and brewers recreate Sumerian technology

By Jurassic JennApr 6, 2024 11:37 AMScience
Share:
World's oldest beer recipe
World's oldest beer recipe. Source: www.worldhistory.org

Gourmets have been enjoying beer since ancient times, even before money was invented to buy it.

Про це розповідає SSPDaily.

Ancient Egyptian brewers were brewing a strong barley drink around 2575 BC, but some historians suggest that beer could have been invented by different civilizations around the same time.

The most reliable evidence of brewing was found in ancient Mesopotamia, and it belongs to the Sumerians.

Among the most significant finds is a beer recipe, which is currently considered the oldest in the world. It is immortalized in the table song "Hymn of Ninkasi" written on clay cuneiform tablets dating back to 1800 BC.

Some historians believe that the heyday of the Sumerian civilization was in the 18th century BC. And at that time, the Sumerians had a kind of beer cult. The drink had ritual and religious significance along with oil, which was considered a sacred gift from the gods.

Beer consumption was also reflected in mythology. In the pantheon of Sumerian gods, Ninkasi was the patroness of brewing, fertility, and harvest. One of the legends tells of Enki, the god of wisdom and father of Ninkasi, who loved beer and occasionally got drunk.

Another interesting fact is that the Sumerians invented beer 300 years before they invented money. That's why they often paid their employees with beer.

Sumerian beer brewing technology

Chemical traces of beer have been found on fragments of clay jugs that are more than 5,500 years old, but it was the song of praise to the goddess Ninkasi that made it possible to recreate Sumerian brewing technology.

Miguel Civil, a professor of Sumerian studies at the University of Chicago, translated the poems, and Fritz Meitag, founder of the Anchor Brewing Company in San Francisco, managed to brew beer according to this ancient recipe.

The resulting beverage had a strength of 3.5% and tasted mild and similar to both modern beer and hard cider, despite the differences in brewing technology.

The researchers also found that Sumerian beer was brewed without hops, which were unknown in Mesopotamia at the time, and did not require maturation. Therefore, it was drunk immediately after cooling with straws from large jugs.

It is known that brewing in Mesopotamia was based on the process of natural fermentation. However, it is still a mystery whether this was an accidental discovery or the result of deliberate experiments.

The Ninkasi Hymn describes in detail the stages of Sumerian brewing technology. The process began in a special pit where bappir (malted barley dough), honey, and aromatics were mixed. After that, the mixture was baked in an oven to produce the so-called malted grain.

Bappir was added to this grain again and left in fermentation vats. The fermented mixture was boiled, and then the pellet was separated from the wort. The wort was brewed again with wine and honey, after which it was filtered and the finished beer was poured into jugs.

Top Articles
What do the white nights

What do the white nights look like in Antarctica: fantastic photos

May 22, 2024 21:03 PM
Inflatable ring or life jacket

Inflatable ring or life jacket: what's better to choose for water recreation

May 22, 2024 20:34 PM

MIG welder or inverter: which one is better to choose

May 22, 2024 20:05 PM

Optical Illusion Test: What you see in the image first will reveal what kind of lover you are

May 22, 2024 19:29 PM
More News
How to start a new relationship after a divorce

How to start a new relationship after a divorce: Top 5 basic rules for dating

May 22, 2024 21:39 PM
Traditional and inverter generators

Traditional and inverter generators: comparison of key characteristics

May 22, 2024 19:03 PM

How to use your iPhone to create white noise and where to find this feature

May 22, 2024 18:37 PM

How to avoid extra costs in the store: 3 effective tips

May 22, 2024 18:09 PM
Horoscope predictions for work forecast: horoscope for May

Horoscope predictions for work forecast: horoscope for May

May 22, 2024 18:01 PM
Understanding the influence of Mercury entre aries on zodiac signs: horoscope for May

Understanding the influence of Mercury entre aries on zodiac signs: horoscope for May

May 22, 2024 17:44 PM
How to protect your car from theft

How to protect your car from theft: 3 useful tips

May 22, 2024 17:35 PM
Most likely to land their dream job for these zodiac sign: horoscope for May

Most likely to land their dream job for these zodiac sign: horoscope for May

May 22, 2024 17:04 PM
How to increase motivation

How to increase motivation: 3 useful tips

May 22, 2024 17:03 PM

The luck rankings for zodiac signs: horoscope for May

May 22, 2024 16:42 PM

How to have gorgeous long hair: 5 useful tips

May 22, 2024 16:31 PM
Dramatic friendship reunions for these zodiac signs: horoscope for May

Dramatic friendship reunions for these zodiac signs: horoscope for May

May 22, 2024 16:07 PM
Why it's good to drink water with lemon in the morning

Why it's good to drink water with lemon in the morning: 5 reasons

May 22, 2024 16:00 PM
How to clean your computer from unnecessary programs

How to clean your computer from unnecessary programs: 3 tips

May 22, 2024 15:33 PM
These zodiac signs and their focus on inner development: horoscope for May

These zodiac signs and their focus on inner development: horoscope for May

May 22, 2024 15:28 PM

Rules of a confident woman: 5 tips to become the best

May 22, 2024 15:01 PM

What three zodiac signs poised for self-discovery: horoscope for May

May 22, 2024 14:49 PM
How to effectively improve your memory

How to effectively improve your memory: three effective tips

May 22, 2024 14:39 PM
How to extend the life of your laptop

How to extend the life of your laptop: 3 useful tips

May 22, 2024 14:01 PM
Personal growth and connections for three zodiac signs: Chinese horoscope for May 22

Personal growth and connections for three zodiac signs: Chinese horoscope for May 22

May 22, 2024 13:54 PM
Superstitions and omens related to mice in the home

Superstitions and omens related to mice in the home: what you should know

May 22, 2024 13:37 PM
Exploring the impact of the stars on daily life for these zodiac signs: Chinese horoscope for May 22

Exploring the impact of the stars on daily life for these zodiac signs: Chinese horoscope for May 22

May 22, 2024 13:16 PM

5 lucky items to carry in your pocket: folk superstitions

May 22, 2024 13:04 PM

Navigating personal and professional aspects: Chinese horoscope for May 22

May 22, 2024 12:50 PM
What you absolutely should not do before a trip

What you absolutely should not do before a trip: signs and superstitions

May 22, 2024 12:38 PM
What lies ahead for the zodiac signs: Chinese horoscope for May 22

What lies ahead for the zodiac signs: Chinese horoscope for May 22

May 22, 2024 12:27 PM