Five facts about Mars: exploring the Red Planet

By SSPDaily editionMar 3, 2024 19:03 PMSociety
Share:
5 interesting facts about Mars
5 interesting facts about Mars. Source: popularmechanics.com

SSPDaily has prepared 5 facts about Mars. Learn about the origin, satellites, and composition of this Red Planet.

Phobos and Deimos

One of the most interesting aspects of Mars is its satellite system consisting of two moons: Phobos and Deimos. Their existence was discovered by the American astronomer Asaph Hall in 1877.

These Martian satellites are much smaller than such celestial bodies as our Moon. The diameter of Phobos, the largest of them, is more than 100 times smaller than the diameter of the Moon.

Origin

The origin of Mars dates back to about 4.5 billion years ago. When the entire Solar System, including Mars itself, was formed. This process arose from a collapsing cloud of interstellar gas and dust as a result of mutual gravitational influence.

Composition

Structurally, Mars consists of separate layers: core, mantle, and crust. The core consists of iron, nickel, and sulfur and is surrounded by a silicate mantle. Above it is the crust, which consists of iron, magnesium, aluminum, calcium, and potassium.

Basalts

The surface of Mars is dominated by basalts, which give it its characteristic red hue due to the predominance of iron oxide in the soil. Surprisingly similar to the Earth, Mars has valleys, deserts, mountains, and even a polar ice cushion. Ancient river deltas discovered on Mars indicate a water-rich past.

Atmosphere

More than 95% of Mars' atmosphere is carbon dioxide, which is significantly different from the Earth's nitrogen- and oxygen-rich composition. Free breathing on Mars is impossible for humans because the atmospheric conditions are not suitable.

In April 2021, NASA's Perseverance rover managed to extract a small amount of oxygen from the Martian atmosphere. This technology is promising for future missions aimed at obtaining the oxygen needed for the possible colonization of Mars by humans.

Top Articles
This zodiac sign will face difficulties in various spheres of life: horoscope for 2024

This zodiac sign will face difficulties in various spheres of life: horoscope for 2024

Apr 23, 2024 09:45 AM
Tips for the perfect presentation of dishes

Tips for the perfect presentation of dishes: what needs to be considered

Apr 23, 2024 09:36 AM

How to improve the smell of clothes in the closet: three effective ways

Apr 23, 2024 09:08 AM

Love and relationships will be the focus of these three zodiac signs: horoscope for the second half of April

Apr 23, 2024 08:47 AM
More News
What to do if you bought unripe persimmons

What to do if you bought unripe persimmons: three ways to speed up the ripening process

Apr 23, 2024 10:05 AM
How to clean the joints between tiles

How to clean the joints between tiles: effective life hacks

Apr 23, 2024 08:30 AM

How to destroy weeds and moss in the yard in 10 minutes: experienced owners share a life hack

Apr 23, 2024 08:05 AM

Seed preparation for sowing: what is needed for healthy seedlings

Apr 23, 2024 07:32 AM
This is not how tights are worn anymore

This is not how tights are worn anymore: 5 mistakes to avoid

Apr 23, 2024 07:03 AM
Turn these hobbies into a profitable business

How to turn these 5 fun hobbies into a profitable business

Apr 22, 2024 21:41 PM
How not to fail the exam?

How not to fail the exam: 5 simple ways to organize your wandering mind

Apr 22, 2024 21:16 PM
Pros and cons of dishwashers

Advantages and disadvantages of dishwashers: is it worth buying

Apr 22, 2024 20:47 PM
Pros and cons of jacuzzi bathtub

Should you install a jacuzzi bathtub at home: advantages and disadvantages

Apr 22, 2024 20:04 PM

5 common mistakes while brushing teeth: worth paying attention to

Apr 22, 2024 19:51 PM

How to relieve neck pain: 5 effective tips for better health

Apr 22, 2024 19:14 PM
Five zodiac signs will face relationship conflicts this week

Five zodiac signs will face relationship conflicts this week

Apr 22, 2024 18:51 PM
How to teach children to keep order?

How to teach children to keep order: 3 useful tips

Apr 22, 2024 18:46 PM
Three zodiac signs should take care of their health

Three zodiac signs should take care of their health

Apr 22, 2024 18:39 PM
How to protect children who spend days online

The danger of social networks: how to protect children who spend days online

Apr 22, 2024 18:09 PM

4 dog breeds that surprisingly resemble cats

Apr 22, 2024 17:37 PM

Is it worth buying neon collars for animals: pros and cons

Apr 22, 2024 17:11 PM
Pros and cons of buying Bengal cats

Advantages and disadvantages of Bengal cats: breed characteristics

Apr 22, 2024 16:46 PM
How to turn an Android phone into a mouse or keyboard

How to turn an Android phone into a Bluetooth mouse or keyboard in a few minutes

Apr 22, 2024 16:18 PM
How to avoid losing your hearing due to headphones?

How to avoid losing your hearing due to headphones: the negative impact on your ears and how to protect yourself

Apr 22, 2024 15:42 PM
Three zodiac signs will dream about the future: horoscope for 22 April

Three zodiac signs will dream about the future: horoscope for 22 April

Apr 22, 2024 15:21 PM
How to take high-quality photos with your smartphone

5 tips from a professional: how to take high-quality photos with your smartphone

Apr 22, 2024 15:12 PM

How the neurointerface works: a revolution in communication between the brain and the device

Apr 22, 2024 14:49 PM

Three zodiac signs will achieve peace and harmony: horoscope for 22 April

Apr 22, 2024 14:43 PM
Three zodiac signs should stay positive: horoscope for 22 April

Three zodiac signs should stay positive: horoscope for 22 April

Apr 22, 2024 14:23 PM
A person can have 18 phones in a lifetime

A person can have 18 phones in a lifetime: they will "survive" more than 160 trips

Apr 22, 2024 14:13 PM